6 CAUSES OF ACNE
Acne is a nasty skin condition that many people suffer from. Acne can be recognized by pimples (inflammation filled with pus) and blackheads (black or white bumps), which usually occur on the face, chest, back, or neck. In this blog post, we would like to tell you which factors influence the development of acne.
SUFFERING FROM ACNE AND WANT TO GET RID OF ACNE?
In your second skin layer, the dermis, there are sebaceous glands. These glands produce sebum to protect your skin and keep it supple. Acne (acne vulgaris) can only develop on the skin where hairs are present. This is where the sebaceous glands are located. There are no sebaceous glands on the soles of your feet and the inside of your hands, so acne cannot develop here.
Let’s go back to the basics, how does acne occur again?
CAUSE 1: SUN MAKES ACNE WORSE
You read this title and probably think, is that right? Do you notice that your skin is usually smoother in the summer? Appearances can be deceiving! Initially, it is true that your skin will look smoother. This is because acne dries up in the sun. Unfortunately, this is a temporary effect, because once your skin is less exposed to the sun, your acne will worsen twice as fast.
YOUR SKIN PRODUCES MORE SEBUM DUE TO THE SUN
First of all, the sun dries out your skin. Dehydrated skin must be compensated with extra sebum, which increases the chance of acne again.
YOUR SKIN THICKENS DUE TO THE SUN
Second, your skin will protect itself from the sun by making the skin thicker. More dead skin cells will be on your skin. UV rays can then do less damage to your skin if they have to pass through thicker skin. Due to the combination of more sebum and a thick skin, sebum accumulates (cannot leave the skin properly) and acne occurs.
HOW DO YOU PREVENT THIS IN THE SUMMER?
- Always use a sun protection SPF 30 minimum.
- Try to stay out of the sun if you have acne (or wear a hat).
- Remove dead skin cells twice a week to keep your skin thin.
- Sun causes acne, brown spots (scars), and pigmentation spots, use good ingredients in your skin products that counteract these.
- Use a non-oil sunscreen like the Prevention + Daily Matte Moisturizer SPF 32.
SUN AND ACNE = INCREASED RISK OF PIGMENTATION SPOTS
Do you have acne and are you going out in the sun? Then you run the risk that a brown or red discoloration remains on your skin, where acne has been. An inflammatory reaction in your skin (acne) in combination with the sun ensures that pigment cells become more active and leave a brown discoloration. For this reason, it is extra important for acne-prone skin to apply sun protection.
CAUSE 2: HORMONES AFFECT ACNE
When we talk about acne, we can conclude that hormones in your body have a major influence on the development or worsening of acne. Research shows that hormonal imbalance, in both men and women, is caused by an increase in testosterone levels.
ACNE IN PREGNANCY
In women, there is a peak in the testosterone level during menstruation, puberty, menopause, and pregnancy. This peak is particularly visible in men during puberty and when the hormones are out of balance due to steroids (male sex hormones which are injected so that muscles grow faster). The spike in testosterone levels increases your sebum production, which can clog your pores and increase the risk of acne.
During pregnancy, certain ingredients (Salicylic Acid, Glycolic Acid, and Retinol) are not suitable to use, because it is not clear whether these ingredients can affect your baby. There are plenty of products that are suitable during pregnancy to reduce your acne.
STRESS CAUSES ACNE
Also, stress can bring your hormones out of balance significantly. Stress also increases your testosterone level to a peak. In addition to testosterone, the body also produces the hormone Cortisol during stress, which weakens your immune system. A weakened immune system combined with increased sebum production and dead skin cells is very risky if you are prone to acne.
It’s generally quite difficult to get your hormones under control, but reducing stress is something you can do something about! Even more reason to occasionally seek relaxation by reading a book or practicing yoga or mindfulness.
CAUSE 3: BACTERIA CAUSE ACNE
Many bacteria are present in the sebaceous gland, including Propionibacterium Acnes, which multiplies quickly and converts sebum into fatty acids. If too much sebum is present, the p.acnes bacteria will continue to multiply. At some point, the amount of sebum, bacteria, and fatty acids in the pore causes the cell wall of your sebaceous gland to fail and rupture. The sebum and bacteria settle in (into your skin), spreading bacteria and causing more acne.
CAUSE 4: WRONG MAKE-UP CAUSES ACNE
In general, your skin’s sebum production decreases after the age of 25. Unfortunately, hormones, cosmetics, certain medications, and also nutrition can influence your sebum production. To ensure that your sebaceous glands do not clog, it is important to pay close attention to which make-up you use.
CAUSE 5: WRONG DIET CAUSES ACNE
DAIRY INCREASES YOUR SEBUM PRODUCTION
Avoiding certain nutrients also plays an important role in acne-prone skin. We advise you to leave milk products as they may contain hormone-like substances. These hormones are designed to help little calves to grow quickly, but for you, they can have a major impact on increasing your sebum production and the development of acne. In short, if you want to reduce acne with nutrition? The first step is to stop using dairy.
WHICH DAIRY PRODUCTS CAN I USE?
Dairy products (especially semi-skimmed and low-fat) ensure a rapid rise in your growth hormone IGF-1. If this growth hormone is out of balance, your skin produces too many skin cells and sebum. Goat’s milk has less of an impact on your sebum production, but if you still want to include milk in your cappuccino, go for coconut, almond, or oat milk. Our favorite is Oatly milk to give your cappuccino a nice foam. By the way, don’t forget that dairy is also used in sauces, yogurt, and cheese.
SWEETS AND WHITE BREAD TRIGGER ACNE
Not only dairy affects the development of acne, but also simple carbohydrates. Therefore, leave sweets and white bread and always opt for wholemeal products.
CAUSE 6: SEBUM AND DEAD SKIN CELLS CAUSE ACNE
When more sebum is produced than usual and it cannot leave your skin properly, it builds up and clogs your pore. Another reason why sebum cannot leave your skin properly is an excess of dead skin cells on the outside of your skin. These block the exit of your sebaceous gland.
In addition to sebum deposits that cause acne, there are also sebum deposits called blackheads or comedones. These can be distinguished from each other by color. A blackhead is superficial and has a black tip. Comedones, on the other hand, are white in color, often lie under the skin, and are often more difficult to remove.